Study the Percentage of Carbon and Ferrite in Layers of Steel (SA-516) by Strip Cladding with E316L

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran


One of the most important methods to reduce metal corrosion and improve erosion resistance is to use strip cladding with electro slag welding. Applying the strip electrode (E316l), cladding performed on the layer of steel (5A-516) with this process. With changes in the thickness of cladding layers and the number of these layers, the percentages of ferrite and carbon in samples obtained by WRC equipment were analyzed. The optical microscopy is used to investigate the microstructure of different cladding layers in this research work. Hence, with the increase in the percentage of carbon, the sensitivity of stainless steel to grain boundary corrosion increases. With the reduction of ferrite percentage, the sensitivity to hot cracking increased too, so the overall results indicate that with an increase in the thickness of the first cladding layer, the amount of carbon in this layer increases, this phenomenon reduces the percentage of ferrite in it. Hence, by increasing the number of cladding layers, the amount of carbon percentage reduces considerably while the ferrite percentage reaches the desired amount.