The Effectiveness of Ceramic Wiper Tool in Turning of Monel K500

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Manufacturing, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran


In this study, turning operation of Monel K500 copper-nickel super-alloy was evaluated. Ceramic cutting tools with two different cutting noses (conventional and wiper) were utilized. At first, the experimental tests were designed by using central composite design method. After implementation of the tests, the statistical models for output data (surface roughness, cutting force, and flank wear) have been developed. Furthermore, the effect of cutting parameters on output data was taken into account with help of analysis of variance. In third step, the optimal cutting condition was introduced for both cutting tools by using response surface method. In total, it was revealed that low depth of cut and feed rate coupled with high cutting speed is an optimal condition for turning of Monel super-alloy when ceramic tools are selected. In particular, the positive effect of wiper tool on output data was more when depth of cut has been lower than the length of wiper edge.