Experimental Investigation of the Surface Roughness in Grinding of BK7 Optical Glass in Brittle Mode

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

Abstract

Surface roughness is a significant parameter which determines the efficiency of optical components. Surface damages induced by grinding strongly influence the mechanical strength and optical quality of optical glasses. It is meaningful to rapid evaluate the surface roughness through the measurement of different grinding parameters. In this study, a cup diamond wheel (D64) is used in grinding process of the specimens made of BK7optical glass to investigate the influences of grinding parameters on the surface roughness. The grinding parameters used in this study are depth of cut, cutting speed, tables speed and feed rate; and effects of these parameters are studied. The dependence of surface roughness on grinding parameters was systematically analyzed. The experimental results indicate that feed rate, depth of cut and cutting speed have the most significant effect on surface roughness, respectively. By increasing feed rate and depth of cut, the surface roughness increases and increasing cutting speed results in a decrease in surface roughness.

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