Numerical and Experimental Study of Residual Stress Measurement and Thickness Distribution of T-shape Steel Tube Produced by Tube Hydroforming

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Tube hydroforming (THF) process is used to produce the complex components from the initial cylindrical tubes. In this paper, T- shape component was formed using a tube hydroforming machine and the residual stresses of hydroformed tube was determined by hole drilling method. Subsequently, the thickness distribution and residual stresses of final tube were investigated using experimental and finite element (FE) methods. The results represented the top of the protrusion has the minimum thickness, whereas the maximum thickness appears in the bottom zone of T-shape tube. The FE results showed that the maximum principal stress in the middle part of piece has own maximum value while the maximum value of minimum principal stress is located in the top of protrusion and the fillet transition region of the protrusion. It is found that the value of residual stress, protrusion height and thickness distribution in simulated results were in good agreement with the experimental results.